Ping Pong is the game of Fascination and freedom. The following article traces down the history of Table Tennis (Ping Pong) in brief, essential equipment needed to play, Skills and benefits of playing Table tennis.
Table Tennis (Ping Pong) | History, Skills & Equipment For Playing
Table Tennis emerged in England in the early 20th century with its trademark name; Ping-Pong. Ping-pong name was later turned into table tennis in 1921–22 with the rejuvenation of old Ping-Pong Association (formed in 1902).
The primitive association had dissolved by 1905. However the game continued to be played with same vigor and enthusiasm in some parts of England beyond London and approximately by the 1920s, it was being played in various countries.
Under the representations of Germany, Hungary, and England, the international governing body of table tennis ( Federation Internationale de Tennis de Table) was formed in 1926
Its founding members being England, Wales, Hungary, Sweden, Denmark, India, Austria, Germany and Czechoslovakia. Surprisingly, by the mid of 1990s roughly 165 national associations had joined it.
The first ever world championships were organized in 1926, in London, and henceforth until 1939, the arena of ping-pong was out-shined by central European players, as the event of men’s team was won, for nine times, by immensely successful Hungary and twice by another strong team Czechoslovakia.
By 1950s Asian continent became a prolific ground for leviathan champions such as; China and Japan and North Korea too, to some extent, became an internationally recognized force.
It was 1980 when the first World Cup was organized, that was won by Guo Yuehua of China with the prize money of $12,500 for the champion.
Later on, in 1988, table tennis was included in Olympic, with both; the singles and the doubles contests for men as well as women.
Equipment Needed to Play the Game
As per the standard requirement, you need the following equipment to play the Ping Pong
1. The Paddle
Table Tennis requires paddles for playing it. The paddle should be of a red and black side.
2. The Hollow Ball
The ball should be of either orange or white color and with 40 mm size.
3. The Table
In ping-pong, the court is settled on a table. As per standards of the game, it has to be 9 feet long, 5 feet wide and 2.5 feet high. The size may vary for kids or individuals blessed with low heights.
4. The Kit
As for as the kit for ping-pong is concerned, one can wear shirts, shorts, skirts (women) and shoes. Note: The colour of uniform has to other than the color of the ball (white and orange).
Table Tennis Players, Matches & Team Composition
In table tennis you can play either singles or doubles.
- The singles (1 vs 1) and doubles (2 vs 2) games are played on miniature tennis court that is fixed firmly on a table.
- A game contains 11 points (winner must reach 11 points first and lead his opponent by 2 points).
- While a match comprises odd numbers of games usually 5 to 7
- The one who wins more than half games is considered winner of the match.
Skills of Table Tennis Playing
If one wishes to be a fine player of table tennis, he ought to acquire a set of skills that are quintessential for playing the game.
This game entails brisk footwork, agility, confidence, intelligence, balance, resilience and above all the command over various unorthodox shots while responding to your opponent on a tiny court.
Let’s jump to these necessary skills:
1. A Proper Grip
The proper grip of the paddle is though simple but very helpful in general course of the game. A firm grip includes the use of one’s hand, more specifically one’s fingers and thumb.
Fingers, thumb or collectively hand guarantees a solid grip which is the basic requirement for playing ping-pong. Remember! Holding paddle properly gives you edge over your opponent.
2. A Proper Stance
Adapting a comfortable stance will help you maintain your balance as well as shots. Therefore, you may adjust your legs opposing the direction of the game. Your feet must also be opened slightly wider than your shoulder.
Your stance has to be square to the table, having right leg forward and left leg behind, maintaining arms in front of you and standing near the table, putting weight of your body on your toes, feet and ultimately on ball. Remember: Don’t put weight of your body on your heels solely.
3. The Brisk footwork
A skillful and handy use of one’s feet add charm to one’s ping-pong skills. Using your feet to the best of their capabilities make you a very very fine contender. Your footwork defines your alertness, agility, balance and success.
4. Forehand Drive
The forehand drive, in table tennis, is one of the straightforward table tennis strokes. This drive is regarded as an aggressive and attacking stroke played with a small amount of topspin. The forehand drive is applied against either long or medium length topspin.
5. Backhand Drive
The backhand drive, in table tennis, is one of the straightforward table tennis strokes. This drive is also regarded as an aggressive and attacking stroke played with a small amount of topspin.
The backhand drive is applied against either long or medium length topspin.
6. The Backhand Push
Backhand push is generally regarded as the simplest and straightforward drive among other ping-pong drives. It is just a delicate push to play the ball. It’s, however, prerequisite to learn it thoroughly by continuous practice.
7. The Serve
Initially, the ball should rest on a straight and motionless palm of server’s hand. Later, it should be tossed up in the air, at least 6 inches high, and hit, while ball being in the air, so that the ball, must, first of all bounce on the side of server and on the opponent’s side afterwards.
The serve is declared to be quite fair, except it touches the tiny net fixed in the middle of court. If the serve comes in physical contact with the net, it becomes a let serve. A let serve is scoreless and retain-able.
8. Taking the back-swing
The second position in backhand drive is back-swing. The back-swing adds power to your shot. Weaker the backs wing, weaker the shot.
For proper back-swing, you have to bring your paddle backward and raise it bit upward, towards your chest.
There has to be some distance between your paddle and your body so as to create an accurate bat angle to strike the ball.
Your body shouldn’t be bent and your wrist has to be straight. Keep your playing arm (right hand or left hand) in front of your body. Push the ball gently so that it’s may not go off the table.
8. Striking the Bat
Striking the ball seems opposite of back swing. Former is bit forceful, later is delicate. When a paddle and ball meet, a strike is generated.
While making the stroke one should move one’s arms forward to strike the ball. Bear in mind, you are not supposed to strike the balls in front of you.
Rather you are supposed to get your elbow as well as your forearm to move, and simultaneously, you have to make sure that there should be slight distance between the elbow and your body.
For less spin, you have to lay bit down on the back of the ball, and for more spin, it’s recommended to play below the ball.
Benefits of Playing Table Tennis Sport
1). A Healthy and mental Activity
It offers ultimate brain workout. In a jiffy, it activates our brains and make them quite at work.
2). Adds Sociability
It offers a conducive environment where one can make friends.
3. Improves Coordination
With incessant practice it enhances hand and eye coordination.
4. An Excellent cardio Workout
It quickens your heart rate while playing and thus improves overall health.
5. Flexibility of Playing
The game can be played anywhere and anytime. It can be played everywhere; indoors and outdoors and anytime since it requires a small table, a bat and a ball.
6. The General fitness
It improves general fitness ranging from mental health, cardio health, physical strength, removal of waste substance through sweat